Study On Vigrx Plus Ingredients

  • VigRX Plus consists total 9 ingredients
  • All ingredients are herbal in nature

If you want to know any product better, then do some in-depth study on its ingredients and its mechanism of action. Here we present our study on every single VigRX Plus ingredient. Here is what VigRX Plus has to say about its ingredients.

VigRX Plus ingredients in depth:

1) BioPerine

Black Pepper

Black Pepper Before and After Ripening

What is BioPerine?
BioPerine is the trademark of an extract of common household spice ‘black pepper’. The main ingredient in BioPerine is “Piperine”. Black pepper is in medication use from ancient time in India, and Piperine also has a long history of traditional and ancient medical use.

Process of extraction
Black pepper is cultivated in nutrition rich soil (mostly in Southeast Asia, China, south India, and Vietnam). To get BioPerine, black pepper needs to be harvested just before its ripening and then dried in the sun. This assures the retention of optimum quality. The BioPerine used in any supplement has to go under clinical testing, and these tastings are mostly conducted in the United States.

Medicinal Use
Black pepper in its original form is used in the treatment of several illnesses such as constipation, insomnia, diarrhea, insect bites, joint pain, sunburn, tooth decay, toothaches, sore throat, throat congestion, cough etc. The BioPerine, which is extracted form of black pepper is used in several medications for its property of absorbing other nutritional elements. It is able to increase the absorption of three categories of elements — fat-soluble (beta-carotene), water-soluble (vitamin B6) and a mineral (selenium, in the form of selenomethionine).

Goods: BioPerine is added in herbal supplements, then its nutritional elements are better absorbed by the body, which results in higher effectiveness of that supplement.

Bads: Mild gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are most common. Black pepper can irritate the stomach and cause heartburn when taken in excessive amounts.

2) Damiana

Black Pepper

Damiana Shrubs, Leaves and Flowers

What is Damiana and how it looks like?
Damiana is the name of a shrub natively found in the United States and West Indies. The flowers of this shrub are small and aromatic, and the leaves taste like figs. It contains essential oils and produce relaxing effects. Damiana is in use in the form of tea for ancient times as a libido booster (aphrodisiac). It looks like the image at right. Damiana is also popular with other names such as Mexican Damiana, Mexican holly, old woman’s broom etc. But more standard names are Turnera Diffusa and Turnera Aphrodisiaca.

NOTE: Damiana is prohibited in Louisiana State of USA. And it is in discussion recently in the UK as some possibilities of ill effects are found when it is taken isolated.

Damiana as sexual desire booster
As just said, Damiana is in use since ancient times as libido enhancer or sexual desire booster. Now, the modern scientific researches also confirmed the same. It not only stimulate and enhance sexual desire but also increase the blood flow in sexual organs (of both sexes) when sexually excited. It has also earned a reputation for increasing sexual endurance, improving erection quality, and stimulating more intense, and satisfying orgasms.

Medicinal Use
Mainly Damiana is used in herbal supplements. Especially sexual health supplements. Though Damiana is still not studied by the FDA, yet it is used by reputed herbal pharmacies to produce male and female enhancement products. Damiana leaves contain a chemical named as ‘Damianin‘, it produces the relaxation effect in central nervous system. That is why it is used as an anti – depressant, and used in the treatment of mood disorders. It is also used for better hormone balancing (like during menopause in women). Other medicinal uses are treatment of constipation, used as anti-anxiety, cough suppressant, antiseptic, digestive stimulant, anti-spasmodic, mild laxative, diuretic, expectorant, and astringent.

Goods: Boost energy and reduce the effects of exhaustion, aphrodisiac, increase sperm count and give strength to female eggs, increase the blood flow, stimulate the sexual organs, and have medicinal use in treatment of various problems.

Bads: Damiana has shown some ill effects when taken isolated and in case of overdose. Also, it is not recommended for children, pregnant women, or any person suffering with problems like psychiatric disorder such as mania or schizophrenia, breast cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease. Also, it is not recommended when a person is under treatment of diabetes. (It has already found that it produces a good sexual effect when taken with Vitamin B6, in people with diabetes)

3) Epimedium Sagittatum Leaf Extract

Epimedium Sagittatum

Epimedium Sagittatum Leafs and Flower

Epimedium and Epimedium Sagittatum
Epimedium is a genus, and Epimedium Sagittatum is one of the 60 species of Epimedium. Out of these 60 species, two species are more popular in terms of their medications and other uses. These two species are Epimedium Sagittatum and Epimedium Grandiflorum. All species of Epimedium, especially these two, are used as libido enhancers and commonly known and sold as “Horny Goat Weed”. VigRX Plus contains Epimedium Sagittatum, and its leaves and flower are shown in the right hand side image.

Medicinal Use
Epimedium has been used as sexual desire enhancer since ancient times. Many species of Epimedium have aphrodisiac qualities because of its main ingredient (component) named as icariin. It proved by modern science that icariin produce nitric oxide, increases its level, smoothen the spongy tissues of the penis, and able to help getting good erections. The mechanism of action is very similar to that of sildenafil (more commonly known as Viagra) and vardenafil (more commonly known as Levitra). Icariin weakly inhibits PDE-5. In other words, Epimedium is able to act like Viagra and Levitra, but with less effectiveness. The quantity of Epimedium needed to produce an equal effect is still unknown. But there is one important advantage of using Epimedium instead of sildenafil or vardenafil. Epimedium has been shown to up-regulate genes associated with nitric oxide production and changes in adenosine / guanine monophosphate balance in ways that other PDE5 inhibitors do not, as mentioned in Wikipedia.

Besides its use as aphrodisiac herb, it is also popularly in use for treatment of Osteoporosis. It has been proved that icariin is able to initiate the process of bone formulation. Though this process is a continuous process, but it got slow down with the age. With the help of Epimedium, the process gets a thrust and avoid as well as treat osteoporosis.

Goods: Epimedium Sagittatum is very useful as it is proven aphrodisiac (ability to increase the sexual desire) in nature, and able to initiate the process of bone formulation (used as treatment of osteoporosis). It is able to act as PDE-5 inhibitor, able to increase the level of nitric oxide in the genitals, and hence supports the erections.

Bads: Epimedium Sagittatum is allergic, and may cause some allergies like rash, wheezing, itching, difficulty breathing, hives, and face, mouth or throat swelling. Some people also face dizziness, dry mouth, thirst or vomiting. People suffering with hormonal cancer and heart problem are advised not to take it.

4) Ginkgo Biloba Leaf

Ginkgo Biloba and its Glory
Ginkgo Biloba is probably the oldest plant on earth. To keep topic brief, please consider its glory in quick points.
Glory 1: It has been categories as a rare living fossil, as its fossils found are dated back 270 million years. And the living trees of today are even as old as 2500 years.
Glory 2: It is a unique species of tree with no close living relatives. The ginkgo is classified in its own division, the Ginkgophyta, comprising the single class Ginkgoopsida, order Ginkgoales, family Ginkgoaceae, genus Ginkgo and is the only extant species within this group. [Taken from Wikipedia]
Glory 3: It is a disease free tree. These trees rarely suffer with any disease problem. Resistant to almost all insects, parasites, bacteria, viruses etc. They adapt well in the urban environment of pollution and confined soil spaces. They have ultra strong living and survival capacity.
Glory 4: Ginkgo Blioba are the ONLY living creature who survived in Hiroshima nuclear atom bomb explosion. Click here to watch the Video.
Glory 5: It has been given the name as ‘Super Plant’ and ‘Miracle Tree’. It is the national tree of China. The tree is the official tree of the Tokyo (capital city of Japan) , and the symbol of Tokyo is a ginkgo leaf.

ginkgo biliboa

Ginkgo Biloba Tree, Leaves, Fruits, Use of Seeds as a Dessert

Ginkgo trees are as tall as 20–35 m. Millions of years ago, they were found all over the world, but slowly they were restricted to small areas in China. We must thankful to Chinese monks who have saved this rare specie of plant on earth for thousands of years.

Medicinal Use
Ginkgo Biloba tree is wonder tree. It is related to religion Buddhism and Confucianism. Today it is worshiped as tree of God and Saviour. One of the reasons for such high value and superior valuation is its use in medicines. There are a number of medicinal uses. The most popular and proven medicinal uses are:
(a) In memory enhancement: It is proven memory enhancer. It is also a proven concentration enhancer.
(b) In dementia: Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Ginkgo was found effective in treating mild to moderate dementia. It is proposed treatment for Alzheimer’s disease. Further study reference.
(c) Increasing Blood Flow: It increases the blood flow throughout the body supplying more oxygen to all tissues. This results in better brain function, body function and more importantly better erection in males.
(d) Sexual Function: As the outcome of some studies Ginkgo Biloba is recommended for treating anti-depressant related sexual dysfunction. It stated that Gingko Biloba generally improved all 4 phases of sexual response including (1) desire, (2) excitement, (3) orgasm, and (4) afterglow. [It is related to psychological dysfunction]
(e) Several Other: There are other medicinal uses. For detailed study, read articles on Ginkgo on Wikipedia, about, and We are not covering these medications as this will distract our main focus of knowing VigRX Plus better.

Goods: A number of medicinal uses including better blood circulation which results in better brain working and better erections.

Bads: Ginkgo is not advisable for those suffering with blood circulation disorders, especially those who are taking anticoagulants such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or warfarin. It is also not advisable for those who are taking antidepressants, and for pregnant women.

5) Panax Ginseng (Asian RED Ginseng)

panax ginseng

Panax Ginseng Plants and Roots

Ginseng and Panax Ginseng
Ginseng is slow growing perennial plants with fleshy roots. There are 11 species of ginseng known today. It is mostly found in North America and eastern Asia (Korea, northeastern China and eastern Siberia). The active ingredient of ginseng is the ginsenosides, which is present in its root. Roots of ginseng resembles with human legs in shape.

Broadly ginseng can be classified into two- (a) American ginseng which seen with the characteristics like shadow, cold, negative, and female. (b) Asian Ginseng which is seen with the characteristics like sunshine, hot, positive, and male. There are 4 forms of Asian ginseng- (1) Fresh ginseng, which is the raw product, (2) White ginseng, which is dry root, (3) Red Ginseng, which is harvested after six years and boiled at 100°C (212 °F) without peeling it, (4) Sun Ginseng, which is created from a heat processing method by steaming white ginseng at a higher temperature than red ginseng (steamed for three hours at 120 °C (248 °F)). Out of these 4 forms, VigRX Plus contains Asian Red Ginseng, more commonly known as Panax ginseng.

Medicinal Use
Traditionally Panax ginseng roots are in use as adaptogens, aphrodisiacs, nourishing stimulants, and in the treatment of diabetes (type II), as well as for male sexual dysfunction. Modern scientific researches have confirmed the same. It has been proved that Panax ginseng is able to enhance sexual desire (libido) and sexual performance. Higher stimulation, higher sperm production, and penile erections are also proven with Panax ginseng. So, Panax ginseng is widely used in herbal supplements, especially sexual health supplements. As it is able to delay the menopause in female, so it is also used in female sexual herbal supplements. It is also used to slow the aging process, enhance memory, boost stamina, stimulate the immune system and improve sports performance.

Goods: Asian Red Ginseng is powerful overall sexual health enhancer and capable to help with several other health problems including diabetes.

Bads: In case of overdose, Asian Red Ginseng shows several bad effects including insomnia and excessive sexual desire. Children and pregnant or nursing women must avoid it.

6) Saw Palmetto Berries (Fructus Serenoae)

Saw Palmetto Berries and its Uses
Saw Palmetto is a small, low-growing, dwarf-palm tree native to southeastern North America, particularly Florida. The Saw Palmetto berries are a bright orange to purple, almost black ovate, 3 cm long, 1 seeded, rich in fatty acids and phytosterols. It is popular as hormone balancer.

Saw Palmetto

Saw Palmetto Plantation, Leaves and Fruits (the Berries)

Phytosterols are steroid compounds similar to cholesterol which occur in plants and phytosterol enriched foods and dietary supplements are recommended for decades. The significant role of phytosterols is lowering cholesterol in the human body. There are several medicinal uses of saw palmetto, few most prominent uses are:

1) It is popular for its hormone balancing capabilities. It is able to increase the level of hormone if it is going deficient and reduce the level if it is produced in excess amount. Possibly this may be explained by claiming that it tends toward the production of a normal condition, reducing parts when unhealthily enlarged, and increasing them when atrophied. [Refer Wikipedia for detailed information]

2) It is used as fruit and and to treat a variety of urinary and reproductive system problems. The extract of saw palmetto is excellent for ailments and disorders of the reproductive system. It is able to treat enlarged prostate (both type Hyperplasia (increase number of prostate cells) and Hypertrophy (increase in the size of prostate cells)), which is common in older men. It is very helpful for keeping reproductive system healthy for both male and female.

3) It is an awesome alternate medication for lung related several problems including asthma, chronic bronchial coughs, and almost all kinds of lung problems. It is also seen that saw palmetto extract can be some help in cancer as well.

4) Excellent help in keeping digestive organs working properly. It acts kindly, improve the appetite, helps in digestion, absorption and assimilation. From the times of Mayans, it is in use as tonic as it able to strengthening and building body tissues.

5) It is also used to treat male pattern baldness.

Goods: It is awesome help of the reproductive system, urinary system, respiratory system, digestive system, and keeping hormone level in balance.

Bads: It is gastrointestinal in nature and sometimes risk the bleeding and affect on sex hormones when taken with medication for the same problem.

NOTE: It keeps the reproductive system in tone but it is not in use as sexual stimulants or aphrodisiacs (unlike mentioned in official website). Also, there is NO significant observation in which it helps in pushing blood into penis tissue and help erections.

7) Muira Puama Bark Extract

miura puama

Muira Puama Plant, Leaves, Flower and Bark

Muira Puama and its uses
Muira Puama is one of the most demanding shrubs for medicinal use. It is native to the Amazon rain forest in Brazil and Guyana. The height of this shrub may be as tall as 14 feet, and leaves are light green on upper surface, dark brown on lower surface. Flowers in bunches of 4-6 flowers, and root is strongly tough and fibrous. All parts of this plant are useful, especially roots and bark. The most common and popular uses are:

1) The bark extract support sexual performance in both sexes. It has been clinically proved that the Muira Puama bark extract is able to increase libido i.e. Sexual desire, erection quality, easy arousal, and performance in bed. Muira Puama is an aphrodisiac and tonic for treating impotence and loss of sex drive. Because of its these capabilities, Muira Puama is popularly known as Potency wood.

2) Muira Puama helps with depression and can be taken as an antidepressant. It is also related to improving memory, mental performance, relieve from pain, physical endurance, helping menstrual cramps, stomach distress, arthritic joint pain, polio paralysis and symptoms of menopause.

Goods: Muira Puama is awesome sexual health supporter herb, and popular for its aphrodisiac nature and its capability to increase sex drive and erections. It works well for both sexes.

Bads: Though it is used as an antidepressant, but if taken in excess then it product anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and increase the blood pressure. It is not advisable for pregnant women and breast feeding mother.

8 ) Catuaba Bark Extract

Catuba bark

Catuaba Plant, Flower, Leaves, and Bark

What is Catuaba?
Catuaba means “what gives strength to the Indian” in Guarani language which is indigenous language of South America. Catuaba is NOT the name of a single plant or tree, but it’s the mixture or infusion of the barks of several trees. The most widely used trees are Erythroxylum vacciniifolium (shown in the right hand side image). Another widely used tree is Trichilia catigua. Besides these two trees, there are several other trees from which bark is taken to make Catuaba.

Medicinal Use
(a) Catuaba is used as sexual desire enhancer and central nervous system stimulant by Brazilians from ancient times. A Discovery Chanel journalist confirmed the same and supported Catuaba for sexual enhancement and treatment of erectile dysfunction. It enhances the sexual desire and function by stimulating the nervous system.
(b) Catuaba made from the tree named as Trichilia catigua, is a proven (in year 1992) anti lethal bacterial and HIV infections.
(c) Another interesting use of Catuaba is that it is used in Cola drink in British for flavoring.

Goods: Catuaba contains the power of several potential trees, and it is proven libido and sexual function enhancer. Both the sexes can enjoy its benefits. In males, better and natural erections can be expected.

Bads: Overdose can cause negative effects on the nervous system as well as sexual function. Dizziness, confusion and difficulty focusing can be experienced by taken more than 2-3 ml in a day.

NOTE: FDA has listed Catuaba under poisonous medicine for the reason of adverse effect on the nervous system if taken an overdose. VigRX Plus contains Catuaba in very small amount, which seems a better decision of its makers.

9 ) Hawthorn Berry

What is Hawthorn Berry?
Hawthorn Berry is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America. It is usually eaten as fruits. Some produce jams, jellies, juices, alcoholic beverages, and other drinks. They are also cooked with other fruits to prepare a Christmas punch. People call them by different names in different countries. It is believed to strengthen cardiovascular function.

catauba bark

Hawthorn Berry Tree, Leaves, Flower, Fruit, and Berry Extract (Dry power)

Medicinal Use
Its major active ingredients are tannins, phenolic acids and bioflavonoids which relax and dilate arteries. It reduces blood pressure and strain on the heart muscle. It strengthens blood vessels and improve blood flow in the body. It is used to treat high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, atherosclerosis, chest pain, and high cholesterol.

In other words, Hawthorn berries are associated with heart functioning and proper blood circulation. It is NOT clearly mention anywhere that these berries could be a good support in erectile dysfunction as it is related to better blood circulation throughout the body. But better blood circulation is always better for proper sexual as well as body functioning.

Goods: Hawthorn berries keep heart, arteries, and blood circulation in good health. Not directly, but indirectly it should support better sexual functioning.

Bads: They can cause cardiac arrhythmia and dangerously lower blood pressure in case of overdose.